- Browse list of Core Programs, 1991–.
Resituating the Comedia
—organized by Barbara Fuchs (University of California, Los Angeles)
Studies of the 17th-century Hispanic comedia have been reinvigorated by a strong turn to both early modern and contemporary performance. Scholars have also explored the transnational reception of the corpus, its translation, and its adaptation. This focus on performance and transnational reception has changed our understanding of the corpus, as of individual plays within it, by foregrounding questions of ideology and canonicity, situatedness and transformation.
Building on the efforts of UCLA’s Working Group on the Comedia in Translation and Performance and its Diversifying the Classics initiative, as well as the Clark’s strong holdings in both French and English reworkings of the comedia, this year-long program explores new contexts for Hispanic classical theater. In addition to presenting new research, the program will provide an opportunity for practitioners to encounter new plays, for working translators to share methodologies and interact with practitioners, and for all involved to become acquainted with the Clark’s collections in the history of European drama and performance.
Three conferences will highlight and examine new comedia studies, with its emphasis on performance and transnational reception. Roundtables and workshops with local scholars and practitioners, as well as sessions to present Clark materials, will complement the papers.
Conference 1: Making Classics: Canonicity and Performance
November 12–13, 2020
How does comedia fit within current conceptualizations of the theater canon and its classics? How has the field’s attention to performance transformed our understanding of the comedia? How does performance transform the canon, whether by highlighting new works or by re-envisioning them? This conference will take place in conjunction with the Nov. 13–15, 2020 LA ESCENA Festival of Hispanic Classical Theater at A Noise Within, in Pasadena.
Conference 2: Made for the Stage: Translation and Performance
February 5–6, 2021
How has a new generation of comedia translators taken up the challenges of performance? What are the best practices in translating for performance, and the available channels for dramaturgical collaboration? How do translators’ choices impact the literary and performance canon? This conference will include a workshop on translating for performance.
Conference 3: The Comedia beyond Spain: Circulation and Adaptation
May 7–8, 2021
How does the circulation of the comedia transform it in transnational and imperial contexts, in the New World and the Old? How is canonicity impacted from abroad? How does the transnational impact of the comedia complicate both domestic periodization and national literary histories? Finally, how does adaption engage new contexts, whether geographic, historical, or ideological?
Contested Foundations: Commemorating the Red Letter Year of 1619
—organized by Brenda E. Stevenson (University of California, Los Angeles) and Sharla M. Fett (Occidental College)
The year 1619 was designated as the red-letter year in Virginia, the first permanent colony in British North America, for three reasons—it marked the beginning of a representative government; the arrival of captive African laborers; and the initiation of a successful plan to encourage permanent family development through the importation of English women. It was on June 29, 1619, that Sir George Yeardley, governor general of the colony, convened a legislative assembly consisting of persons sent as representatives by its free male residents. It was the first such legislative assembly in the British colonial New World. Two months later, the first shipment of Africans arrived at Point Comfort on the southern coast of Virginia, a foreshadowing of the hundreds of thousands of African laborers who would eventually arrive and help to transform Virginia, and several other colonies, into race-based-slave economies. That same year, the Virginia Company of London began a concerted effort to recruit “respectable [English] women” to the colony so that, in the words of one Company officer, they could “‘make wifes to the inhabitants and by that meanes to make the men there more settled and less moveable.” The combination of these efforts, all meant to enhance the lives of the colonial male elite, marked the beginning of a true settler colony for Britain in North America. This beginning came with grim implications for the indigenous populations the British encountered. These experiments in governance, settler colonialism, and a racialized economy also proved to be the characteristic underpinnings of our independent nation two hundred and fifty years later. 1619 was indeed the red-letter year of British America’s 17th century!
This core program, marking the 400th anniversary of this notable year, encompasses three conferences, each of which will address one of the three seminal events of 1619 within the geopolitical, economic, and social/cultural contexts of 17th– and 18th-century North America. Across these conferences, we will also consider 1619’s impact on the nation’s eventual character. The British, of course, were not the first Europeans to explore, establish permanent settlements, import African slaves, or create governing structures in North America. The French and the Spanish made several forays into the southern, gulf, and western regions before the British. Therefore, the program will also encompass French and Spanish forays into the southern, gulf, and western regions.
The first conference concerns the 1619 forced migration of Africans to colonial Virginia. Scholars will discuss the arrival, distribution, and resistance of African laborers among British settlers and those of other European colonies in North America. Topics will include the creation of slave-based (African and indigenous) and slave trade influenced colonial economies, and the evolving legal and social implications of the growing cultural diversity of the colonial population. Collectively, presentations will encourage a discourse about Europeans of varied religious and linguistic backgrounds, diverse indigenous peoples, and multiple African ethnicities.
This second conference interrogates the ideals and realities of representative governance structures among British (and European) residents of North America from early colonization until the mid-18th century. There will be emphases on the barriers of race, gender and wealth to participation in these “representative” governments. Scholars will investigate the impact of the development of these colonial governments, and their legal institutions, on native peoples’ self-governance efforts and claims to the land vis-à-vis their settler neighbors. Furthermore, the conference will explore the contradictions inherent in the legal institutionalization of race-based chattel slavery, and the implications of this for the U.S.’s founding political constituents, documents, and institutions.
The third conference will focus on the arrival, coercion, commodification, and resistance of native, English, and African women. Scholars will consider colonial women’s labor, and their evolving status within families and communities. Discussions will engage the problems and possibilities of a colonial archive that has traditionally been constructed by, and centered on, a white, elite patriarchy to the exclusion and/or marginality of the voices and divergent experiences of women, Africans, native peoples, and non-elite whites.